新闻中心
NEWS
公司新闻 行业新闻 公司宣传视频




机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?

更新时间:2018年01月02日
近日,西门子首席执行官凯飒在《时代周刊》发表署名文章,谈未来制造业中人与机器人将各自扮演的角色。
 

为何机器人会改善制造业岗位

作者:凯飒,西门子股份公司总裁兼首席执行官

Joe Kaeser, President and CEO of Siemens AG

 

文章原发于《时代周刊》

Excerpts originally published in Time Magazine

关于制造业的未来有一个普遍的观点,这就是:人类,走开。我们不再需要你们了。从现在开始,机器人可以全面接手了。

There is a widely held view about what is coming in manufacturing. It goes something like: Move over, humans. We don't need you anymore. Robots will take it from here. 

 

但事实并非如此。制造业的未来不会是这个样子。

But it isn’t true. This is not manufacturing's future.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

数百年以来,人类一直对机器的演进心存畏惧。然而迄今为止,尽管机器改变了人类的工作,但是并没有取代人类。方兴未艾的第四次工业革命亦不会例外——即便是拥有数字化、自动化的装配线。当这种全新的业务模式成为现实,人和机器都将在制造业的飞跃中各自扮演关键的角色。

People have feared the march of the machine for centuries. Yet for just as long, machines have changed work; they have not replaced it. And the emerging fourth industrial revolution — even with its digital, automated assembly lines — is not an exception to this trend. As this new way of doing business becomes a reality, humans and machines will each play a critical role in manufacturing's success. 

 

究其原因,我想有如下几点。

Here are a couple reasons why.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

首先,数字化生产的确会削减生产中间环节的工人数量。越来越多的日常、重复性的组装工作将会被机器取代。但是在一些岗位消失的同时,在工厂其他领域会出现新的岗位。德国在许多方面正是这一趋势的良好佐证。目前,德国制造企业采用的机器人数量比美国公司多三倍,但是他们雇佣的工人数量也要比美国多。相对于两国的经济规模而言,德国的制造业工人数量是美国的两倍 。

First, it is true that digital manufacturing does cut out the middle-man. More and more routine, repetitive assembly tasks will be taken over by machines. But as certain jobs disappear, new ones open up in other parts of the factory. Germany in many ways exemplifies this trend. Today, German manufacturers deploy three times more robots than U.S. companies, but they also still employ more humans. Relative to the size of our economies, German's manufacturing workforce is twice the size of America's.

 

其次,对于制造业而言,第四次工业革命自肇始以来所带来的命题从来就不是“机器人”或“人类”之间二选一,而是两者的充分结合。最终,人工智能和人类智慧的融合才能使制造业在二十一世纪进入快速、灵活、高效和互联的全新时代。机器能以人类无法比拟的速度进行产品组装,但是人类拥有解决问题和优化生产所需的分析能力、行业技能和宝贵知识。

Second, from its very beginning, the fourth industrial revolution has never presented manufacturers with an either-or choice - robots or humans. It has always been about combining the talents of both. Ultimately, it is the convergence of artificial and human intelligence that will enable manufacturers to achieve a new era of speed, flexibility, efficiency and connectivity in the 21st century. Machines have the ability to assemble things faster than any human ever could, but humans possess the analytics, domain expertise and valuable knowledge required to solve problems and optimize factory floor production.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

这正是我们在西门子安贝格工厂看到的场景。这个工厂正是坐落在德国。在过去25年间,安贝格工厂逐步发展成为一家完全数字化的工厂,自动化程度大幅提升。但是在这期间变化最大的不是员工数量,而是生产效率。通过对工厂约1200名工人进行数字化生产的培训和再培训,工厂在人员规模没有变化的前提下将生产效率提高了超过10倍。

This is precisely what we now see at Siemens’ Amberg Electronics Plant in, yes, Germany. Over the past 25 years, Amberg has evolved into a fully digital plant, with automation rising tremendously. But what has changed the most during this time isn't the number of employees; what has changed is productivity. The same size workforce — about 1,200 workers who have been trained and retrained for digital manufacturing — has increased productivity by more than 1,000%.

 

目前,安贝格工厂可能还是一个特例,但是这并不会持续太久。

For now, Amberg is something of an exception. But it won't be for long.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

我们仍处于起步阶段。人工智能已经到来并正在被迅速投入商用。不论是面向制造业的应用,还是面向能源、医疗以及石油天然气等领域的应用层出不穷。这将改变我们的业务模式。我们正面临着前所未有的机遇,能够为客户带来更多价值——也正因如此,一个全新的机器人时代的到来无可阻挡。

Where we are now is only beginning. Artificial intelligence is here and being rapidly commercialized, with new applications being created not just for manufacturing, but also for energy, healthcare and oil and gas. This will change how we all do business. There has never been a bigger opportunity for us to add value for customers - and that's what makes this new machine age unstoppable.

 

与此同时,企业也要对工人保持同等规模的投入,这不仅是业务需要,也是一种社会责任。工厂车间的转型需要通过以公司主导的、针对有学习意愿的员工进行大规模再培训来实现。我们的责任是确保所有愿意学习、努力工作和希望通过再培训实现职业发展的员工能全面参与数字化生产。

At the same time, companies have both a business need and social responsibility to be equally invested in humans. The transformation of the factory floor must be met by a large-scale, company-led commitment to industrial re-skilling for current and aspiring employees. The responsibility is now ours to ensure that digital manufacturing is accessible to anyone willing to learn, work hard and pursue new pathways in training.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

德国长期以来一直采取双元制教育来应对人力资源的挑战。这种教育制度通过公私合作的方式,在传统和新兴行业投资、推动和持续改进培训和教育路径。学员可以进入公立职业学校学习,同时可在私营企业以带薪实习的方式接受在职培训。

Germany has long confronted the human challenge with a dual system of education — a public-private system that invests in, promotes and continuously updates training and educational pathways to established and growing industries. Participants attend public vocational schools while receiving on-the-job training on industry standards through a paid apprenticeship in a private-sector company.

 

 这一教育制度还具有满足企业和社会需求的双重作用:企业能够从源源不断的拥有相关技能和知识的人才储备中获益;对社会而言,年轻人将迅速获得薪酬良好的工作和令人兴奋的职业发展前景,有助于增加经济发展机会和壮大中产阶层。

This system also serves a dual purpose to both business and society: companies win by having a strong pipeline of workers with relevant skills and knowledge; society wins as young people gain fast tracks into good-paying jobs and exciting careers with ladders to climb, increasing economic opportunity and strengthening the middle class.

机器人会全面接手制造业的未来吗?
 

企业的领导者们需要记住,机器人是可编程操控的,但是对于员工而言,需要赢取的是信任。我们必须证明数字化生产是包容的。只有这样,我们才能由衷地表达:欢迎你,机器人。你将为我们提供帮助,但人类仍然是我们的未来。

Industry leaders just have to remember that, while robots are programmable, with humans, trust is earned. We have to prove that digital manufacturing is inclusive. Then, the true narrative will emerge: Welcome, robots. You'll help us. But humans are still our future.

 

西门子的解决方案正在支持中国转型升级,将电气化、自动化、数字化的力量融入各行各业,以前所未见的高度、速度、精度和深度,让关键所在,逐一实现。

 

 

 

 

 


 
下一篇:没有了
首页   |   新闻中心   |   品牌产品    |   服务方案   |   制造业发展   |   行业集成    |   投资者关系   |   关于我们   |   加入我们
Copyright © www.zyd.cn All Rights Reserved.
众业达电气股份有限公司 版权所有 网站备案:粤ICP备08125642号  本站网络实名:众业达